Green Downstream ® Biotechnology

Green Downstream®Our “Gaia Saving” Philosophy

The term “green” is used a lot. In our case, “green” describes products that are cleaner, safer, energy-saving and generally good for the environment. Again … overused? In our case, it is exactly what Martech Research is all about. Our “green” also means keeping your business in the “black”.

We have taken Old World innovations to levels that no one else has even considered. Our more than three decades of chemistry research involves Old World common sense and combines it with new technologies to provide biodegradable concepts that avoid the use of chlorinated and heavy metal type compounds. In other words, we have not only learned from days of old, but have taken these proven ideas to a higher level than any other company on Earth.

For starters, Martech Research takes Mother Nature’s cue and combines innovative techniques to eliminate blockages and odors that build up from man-made pollutions. These detrimental compounds become hard as rubber, and often smell worse than manure. Sure, the odor is terrible, but it also creates a corrosive problem from the hydrogen sulfide that damages concrete and metal. The biodegradable components also create an environment very undesirable to humans and animals because of fungi, along with the disease-bearing compounds they create.

Our process term is called “Green Downstream” for a very good reason. It describes formulations that digest these accumulated biohazards with natural enzymes. These technologies actually eat these harmful pollutants. Furthermore, each ingredient goes after a specific type of compound to break it down into small unit-building blocks. Not only do these compounds work to eliminate blockages and/or odors, but they are used to maintain the cleansing and balance in pipes, drains, sewers and POTWs.

The first group of compounds that have a detrimental impact on the environment consists of fats, oils and greases—or, as we call it, “FOG”. Chemically, the fats are substances that can be broken down into a long chain of fatty acids—or carboxylic acids and glycerol. These so-called cleaning compounds (even something as simple as Ivory soap) are the sodium salts of the fatty acids. This simple soap has a low density, so it floats, and is a very hard material to eliminate. In a molten state, it has a tendency to stick to cooler surfaces, and makes the surfaces solidify. This is one reason why heavy alkaline degreasers are not effective on FOG.

Essentially, heavy alkaline degreasers just move grease and fat around. Fats, oils and greases have the same basic structure. They represent a class of compounds called triglycerides. Most are liquids or have very low melting points. A higher melting point is a characteristic of hydrogenated chains, also known as saturated hydrocarbons. Although the unsaturated triglycerides are liquid, the unsaturation spurs the molecules to cross link with oxygen as a catalyst, which in turn causes the material to form a type of polymer that resembles rubber. This is more commonly known as the “grease cap.”

Degradation reactions are performed by enzymes, which are excreted by bacteria and fungi. Sometimes the mixture of microbes that is needed is not always present for optimum performance. Therefore, a group of microbes is needed to perform the six steps required for complete degradation of the FOG that is so damaging.

The second class comprises the proteins that come from meats, legumes (beans), fish and some cheeses. They are composed of amino acids, which consist of a short chain of hydrocarbons and carboxylic acid. All of these powerful proteins contain amino acids (methionine, cyteine and cystine), which produce sulfur. When they decompose in a non-controlled environment, they cause the liberation of hydrogen sulfide, which is very corrosive—it literally eats through concrete and metal. Adding to the problem are the amino functions, which decompose in a non-controlled environment to create their incredibly offensive odors. One such corrosive compound is called cadaverine, which can be compared to the unmistakable odor of decaying flesh.

When these corrosive compounds and horrible odors are treated with enzymes called proteases (and protease-producing microbes), a controlled environment is produced. From there, the adverse proteins are digested into more controllable units that go downstream without causing any corrosion, odor or blockage problems. The sequence of degradation is very similar to that of fats, in that a consortia of microbes and enzymes are needed to break these compounds down into their amino acid units. Some are then reassembled to create more enzymes. This in turn continues the process to improve the efficiency of the system even more.

The third class of compounds consists of starches and large carbohydrates. These come from breads, paper goods, dairy products and some glues. They accumulate in drains, pipes, sewer lines and POTWs. These starches and carbohydrates come from long “chains” of sugars and can start to ferment to produce both alcohol and biofilm. Both cause offensive odors, blockage and corrosion. They are digested by a class of compounds called amylases, cellulases and hemi cellulases. They also come from microbes that produce these compounds. Many times the microbes in sewers and drain areas cannot break down the complex starches. The amylases in our formulations break down the starches and use the simple sugars in a productive fashion without the formation of odors, biofilm and acids.

All of these harmful compounds come out of restaurants, households, commercial and industrial buildings and institutional facilities. And while other “green”-type cleaners use friendly compounds to wash away some of the problems, the offending material remains, builds up and turns into odor-causing and corrosive-creating compounds. The only way to truly help the Earth combat these materials is to treat it at the source.

Martech’s strategy resolves many of the problems associated with the maintenance of drains, pipes, sewer lines and POTWs. Furthermore, if implemented in all communities, our processes represent a significant cost savings.

From the consumer and all the way downstream, Martech provides a full world of products for a cleaner, healthier Earth.